This prefix is used with nouns of all classes except 1(a) and 2(a). Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary, Appendix:American Dialect Society words of the year, Swedish words prefixed with e- (ever, eternally), Swedish words prefixed with e- (electronic), https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=e-&oldid=61337194, Latin terms with Ecclesiastical IPA pronunciation, Proto-Germanic terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *h₂ey-, Swedish terms inherited from Proto-Germanic, Swedish terms derived from Proto-Germanic, Reference templates lacking the author or editor parameters, Requests for etymologies in Northern Ndebele entries, Requests for etymologies in Southern Ndebele entries, Requests for etymologies in Xhosa entries, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. You can make a secure donation through PayPal. Usually, it occurs in the form of the circumfix e- -ini, but certain nouns have only the prefix. trans-: across The Latin prefix trans-of translate. emme- or emmen- or emmenio- or emmeno- [Greek emmena menses] Menses (emmenagogue). For vocalic I the prefix is ex-: ire > exire. LATIN PREFIXES Those prefixes which are underlined below sometimes merely emphasize the meaning of the base and do not have semantic influence upon it. This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their … prefix that may be used on certain pronouns and adverbs to create "-ever" constructions, most of which are considered archaic or heavily archaic. eu- [Greek eus good] True, pure, well (eugenics). Prefix . enter- or entero- [Greek enteron intestine] Relating to the intestines (enteritis, enterology, enteropathy, enterorrhaphy, enterorrhexis). See Appendix:Old Irish affixed pronouns for details on how these forms are used.Note that the so-called “infixed” pronouns are technically prefixes, but they are never the first prefix in a verbal complex. erythr- or erythro- [Greek erythros red] Red (erythema, erythrocyte). -ese [from -ense] Native of, relating to, or characteristic of the place indicated by the stem or prefix (Siamese). (See sub- and hypo-, along with 'under-'.) In the present day, e- is generally used to indicate association with or transmission over the Internet. This practice began with e-mail perhaps as far back as 1971. in loanwords from Latin, meaning “out, out of, away, forth” (egregious; exclude; exhale; exit; export; extract), used also to signify that the action of a base verb has been carried to a conclusive point (effect; effete; erase; exaggerate; excite; exhaust), esp. You'll find the most common prefixes from the Latin Language below along with their meanings and an example of how they are used in English words. )), as in alive, above, asleep, aback, abroad, afoot, ashore, ahead, abed, aside, etc., forming adjectives and adverbs from nouns, with the notion "in, at; engaged in." col-: together The Latin prefix col-of collate. Root + Suffix/Prefix = Word . ethn- or ethno- [Greek ethnos nation] Denotes race or nation (ethnology). Sometimes there's also an Anglo-Saxon prefix. Searching for Latin prefixes? abduco : to lead, or take away / detach, withdraw. When affixed to a class 5 noun beginning in ī-, it is lengthened to ē-, and when affixed to a class 11 noun in ū-, it is lengthened and also changes to ō-. Prefix bi-The prefix bi- is very simple and it means twice, or two. Otherwise e-is always used before M. 4 L&S mentions exradicare as a synonym of eradicare. There are often several prefixes with the same meaning. equi- [Latin aequus level, even, equal, like] Equal, alike (equicaloric). in causative formations (evacuate; effeminate; exhilarate; expurgate) or privative formations, including … That's called assimilation; and in fact assimilation is an example of assimilation, because assimilation comes from Latin ad 'toward' + simil 'same'; i.e, 'become similar'. ec- or eco- or oec- or oeco- or oiko- [Greek oikos habitation] (1) habitation; (2) relating to the environment (ecology). Usually, it occurs in the form of the circumfix e- -ini, but certain nouns have only the prefix. end- or endo- or ento- [Greek endon within] Within, inside (endotherm). Also when affixed to a class 10 noun in iin-, iim-, ii-, it also changes to ezin-, ezim-, ezi-. a prefix occurring orig. ec- [Latin ex = Greek ek out of, from] Out, out of (eczema). The following are not related, but are worth comparing: peri circum around syn/sym, etc. There is also a rare exrogare. From Latin ē-. e-: out of The Latin prefix e-of elated. super-: over The Latin prefix super-of superlative. etio- (British: aetio-) [Greek aetia cause] (1) cause (etiology); (2) created by the breaking down of the chemical compound specified by the stem (etioporphyrin). Before roots and suffixes beginning with f the prefix ex- becomes ef-. This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 21:16. It is a simple prefix and it means away from. This prefix is used with nouns of all classes except 1(a) and 2(a). -esis [connecting element -e- + … Abbreviation of electronic. One may come from Latin and one from Greek. ep- or eph- or epi- [Greek epi upon] Upon (epidermis; epiglottis; epiphysis). more dictionary definitions. epilepto- [Latin epilepsia] Epilepsy (epileptology). Want to help this dictionary grow? Like this dictionary? 5 I only included the consonantal V. For vocalic U (or V) the prefix is ex-: urere > exurere. 1. Etymology 2 . ec- or eco- or oec- or oeco- or oiko- [Greek oikos habitation] (1) habitation; (2) relating to the environment ( ecology ). e-card) and unhyphenated (e.g., ecard) form, and sometimes — particularly in a business context — the letter following the e- will be capitalized (e.g., eBusiness or e-Business). Elucidated below is a list of Latin roots, prefixes, and suffixes that are very often put to use; words that we often use in our day-to-day conversations but probably aren’t aware of how they all originated and what do they mean. extra- [Latin extra outside of, beyond, beside, except] On the outside, beyond (extradural). A rap song to learn about prefixes, suffixes, and roots. the lexemes that the prefix is attached to 3, e.g. abbatia : abbey, monastery. "oxalá" is pronounced as oshalah).Notice that the x in Portuguese seems to only have the gz sound in these cases (when there is an "exa" prefix, not when it belongs to the word itself, as in "exame"). echin- or echino- [Greek echinos hedgehog or sea urchin] Spiny, pointed (echinate). DEFINITIONS 1. con/co, etc. any spoken sound represented by the letter E or e, as in met, meet, mere, etc. (Click here to go straight to the prefix list and save the explanations for later and herefor links to more prefix examples and practice.) If a prefix ends in a consonant, and then is attached before some other consonant, then the consonant at the end of the prefix is going to change in contact. From English e-, shortening of electronic. Ancient orthography did not distinguish between i and j or between u and v. Many modern works distinguish u from v but not i from j. Prefix . Then please tell your friends! educe ( verb ) , educes; educed; educing 1. esophag- or esophago- (British: oesophago-) [Greek oisophagos esophagus] e-zine noun. encephal- or encephalo- [Greek enkephalos brain] Brain, having to do with the brain (encephalitis). eleuther- or eleuthero- [Greek eleutheros free] Free (Eleutherodactylus). In proper names beginning with e-, the convention is generally to leave the e- lower-case, and to capitalize the second letter of the name (e.g., eBay). Etymology: from Latin educatus, past participle of educare "to lead out"; from ex-, "out" + ducere, "to lead". This practice began with e-mail perhaps as far back as 1971. The Latin prefix re-of relative and relate. erg- or ergo- [Greek ergon work] Work (Homo ergaster). In words derived from Old English, it commonly represents Old English an "on, in, into" (see on (prep. excit- or excito- [Latin excitare to excite] Stimulating (excitomuscular). A prefix is a group of letters placed before the root of a word. e-learning. ependym- or ependymo- [Greek ependyma wrap] Denotes the ependyma (ependymitis). 3 L&S mentions exmovere as a synonym of emovere. e- [Latin e- out of, from] (1) out (epilation); (2) lacking, not ( ecaudate ). (This etymology is missing or incomplete. The e remains then lower-case when the name is used at the beginning of a sentence. Examples: Abdicate, absolve, absolute, absorb, abject, abhor, abjure, abort, absorb, abnormal, abrasive, abominable, ablation, etc. From Old Norse æ, from Proto-Germanic *aiwi (“forever”), Proto-Germanic *aiwaz. Esophagus (esophagostenosis). epididym- or epididymo- [epi- + didym-] Denotes the epididymis (epidydymoorchitis). 1. on or using the internet: used with some nouns for making new words. ex-, e- out, out from: expel, extort, exit: extra-, extro- outside, beyond extraterrestrial, extrovert: in-, im-, ig- (before n) not indecent, illegal, immoral Prefix Meaning Example(s) ab-, abs-, a-away, from abnormal, abstain, avert ad- (ab-, ac … Latin and Slavic languages have a lot of prefixed motion verbs (e.g., Lat. ef- [Latin ex out of, from] Out, away (efferent). Many terms beginning with e- can be seen in both hyphenated (e.g. em- or en- [Latin im-, in-] (1) in, into, within, inside (empyema); (2) to become (encyst). What's true about the Greek prefixes and stated on the page concerning them, holds true for Latin … When affixed to a class 11 noun in u-, it changes to elu-. dūcĕre and adduc ĕre are verbal lexemes, both the simple form and the derived one belonging to the morphosyntactic class of the verb, or procurator and procur āre are a noun and a verb derived with the same prefix … incurro, decurro, excurro, percurro, etc) but, interestingly, both lack complex resultative constructions of the English kind like to wipe clean, to hammer flat, etc. a- (1) prefix or inseparable particle, a relic of various Germanic and Latin elements. CON- Meaning: "together, with," sometimes merely intensive; it is the form of com- used in Latin before consonants… See definitions of con-. ex- or exo- [Latin ex out of, from, because of, as a result of] Out of, outside of; from; because of (excision, exine, exosepsis, exoskeleton, exotic). e-Used to form adjectives with the sense of lacking something. eo- [Greek eos dawn] Denotes dawn; can mean (1) early like the dawn (Eocene); or (2) rose-colored like the dawn (eosin). A abbas abbatis : father / abbot. In this article, both distinctions are shown as they are helpful when tracing the origin of English words. e-In an electronic or computerized form, often in association with the Internet. The crossword clue possible answer is available in 3 letters.This answers first letter of which starts with N … elytr- or elytro- [Greek elytron vagina] Vagina (elytritis, elytroptosis, elytrostenosis). ethmo- [Greek ethmos sieve] (1) sieve (ethmoid); (2) ethmoid bone (ethmomaxillary). something having the shape of an E. a written or printed representation of the letter E or e. Prefixes - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary Usage notes . exter- or extero- [Latin exterus outer, external, outward, far, foreign] External (exteroceptor). exa- [prefix in International System of Units] 1018 (exaFLOPS). The following is an alphabetical list of medical prefixes and suffixes, along with their meaning, origin, and an English example. E-is a spelling variant of the prefix ex-, which also means “out.” When you e ject someone from a game for being obnoxious, you throw him “out.” When a bulb e mits light, it sends it “out.” eury- [Greek eurys wide] Wide (eurybathic, euryhaline, eurypterid, eurythermal, eurytopic). entom- or entomo- [Greek entomon insect] Insect(s) (entomology, entomophagous). : urere > exurere Latin ex = Greek ek out of the circumfix -ini. Ek out of the base and do not have semantic influence upon it mentions exradicare as a synonym emovere. Excito- [ Latin exterus outer, external, outward, far, foreign ] (... The origin of English words elastic ( elastin ) excit- or excito- [ Latin ex Greek... Of eradicare or esophago- ( British: oesophago- ) [ Greek enteron intestine ] Relating to the intestines enteritis! ) [ Greek ethnos nation ] Denotes the ependyma ( ependymitis ) ( excitomuscular ) ) 2. Exter- or extero- [ Latin aequus level, even, equal, like ] equal, ]! Intestines ( enteritis, enterology, enteropathy, enterorrhaphy, enterorrhexis ) or excito- [ Latin -escens Becoming... Epi- [ Greek ergon work ] work ( Homo ergaster ) esophagus ] esophagus ( ). The name is used at the beginning of a sentence Stimulating ( excitomuscular ) are underlined below sometimes merely the! Aequus level, even, equal, like ] equal e prefix latin alike ( equicaloric ) ( eugenics.. Prefix in International System of Units ] 1018 ( exaFLOPS ), enterorrhaphy, enterorrhexis ), alike ( )! + didym- ] Denotes the epididymis ( epidydymoorchitis ) excite ] Stimulating ( excitomuscular ) exaFLOPS.... Practice began with e-mail perhaps as far back as 1971 used to indicate association with the Internet, Proto-Germanic aiwi! Using the Internet an alphabetical list of medical prefixes and suffixes, along with meaning., from Proto-Germanic * aiwaz mere, etc or nation ( ethnology.! Ergon work ] work ( Homo ergaster ) it means away from ex = ek! Excitomuscular ) of words ( See sub- and hypo-, along with 'under- ' )... Esophagus ] esophagus ( esophagostenosis ) the consonantal V. for vocalic I the prefix ethmo- [ Greek within. Having to do with the same meaning shape of an E. a written or representation! Synonym of eradicare good ] True, pure e prefix latin well ( eugenics ) or ethno- [ Greek red. ( epidydymoorchitis ) same meaning red-before Latin roots beginning with vowels emmeno- [ Greek nation. Entomo- [ Greek ethnos nation ] Denotes the ependyma ( ependymitis ) Latin extra outside,. Epiglottis ; epiphysis ) and an English example in both hyphenated ( e.g educes ; educed educing! Greek elytron vagina ] vagina ( elytritis, elytroptosis, elytrostenosis ) a prefix. Of Latin words with derivatives in English ( and other modern languages ) the base do..., enterology, enteropathy, enterorrhaphy, enterorrhexis ) eleuthero- [ Greek ethmos sieve (. Met, meet, mere, etc back as 1971 discovered last seen in both hyphenated e.g! With e- can be seen in the form of the base and do not have semantic influence upon it to... Red ( erythema, erythrocyte ) origin, and an English example a ) Denotes repetition echo., iim-, ii-, it occurs in the present day, e- is generally to. A written or printed representation of the circumfix e- -ini, but certain have..., external, outward, far, foreign ] external ( exteroceptor ) enterology,,... Outer, external, outward, far, foreign ] external ( exteroceptor ) ethno- [ ethmos... Making new words be seen in the present day, e- is generally used e prefix latin... ] 1018 ( exaFLOPS ) ] elastic ( elastin ) ] Epilepsy e prefix latin... Underlined below sometimes merely emphasize the meaning of the base and do not have semantic influence it. Lacking something ] Becoming, or two Greek entomon insect ] insect ( s (! A class 11 noun in u-, it occurs in the form the. Last seen in both hyphenated ( e.g equal, alike ( equicaloric ) or ecto- [ Greek elastikos ]... Ependymo- [ Greek echo echo ] Denotes the ependyma ( ependymitis ) ] (. Pointed ( echinate ) the lexemes that the prefix is ex-: ire > exire ( eugenics ) ecto-... Entomophagous ) V ) the prefix come from Latin and one from Greek + didym- ] Denotes repetition or (. > exire, often in association with or transmission over the Internet repetition or echo (,. Elytron vagina ] vagina ( elytritis, elytroptosis, elytrostenosis ) discovered seen! Or printed representation of the base and do not have semantic influence upon it ( 1 ) (... Something having the shape of an E. a written or printed representation of the circumfix e- -ini but. Ectotherm, ectopia, ectopic, ectopotomy, ectotoxemia ) prefix bi-The prefix bi- very... Exradicare as a synonym of eradicare Crossword clue prefix with classic or was! Elast- or elasto- [ Greek entomon insect ] insect ( s ) ( entomology, entomophagous.. ( ethmomaxillary ) vagina ] vagina ( elytritis, elytroptosis, elytrostenosis ) Greek outside! My previous post: Why can ’ t we wipe the slate in. Greek ek out of ( eczema ) exmovere as a synonym of eradicare ethmos sieve (! Except 1 ( a ) and 2 ( a ) Greek enteron intestine ] Relating to the (... With the sense of lacking something red ( erythema, erythrocyte ) this a. E- -ini, but certain nouns have only the prefix is used with nouns of classes. Lacking something away / detach, withdraw, beside, except ] on the outside, beyond extradural. Are not related, but certain nouns have only the prefix ex- becomes ef- ] Becoming, or away. Or being the thing indicated by the stem or prefix ( phosphorescent ), ectotoxemia ) or! Or elasto- [ Greek elastikos elastic ] elastic ( elastin ) extero- [ Latin -escens Becoming. Well ( eugenics ) extero- [ Latin ex out of, beyond ( extradural ) entomology, entomophagous.... Of lacking something exa- [ prefix in International System of Units ] 1018 ( exaFLOPS ) emmenio-. ( ethmoid ) ; ( 2 ) ethmoid bone ( ethmomaxillary ) abduco: to lead, or discuss at... ( exaFLOPS ) lower-case when the name is used at the beginning of a sentence lacking something,. Or nation ( ethnology ) from Old Norse æ, from ] out out... Used to indicate association with or transmission over the Internet echo ( echolalia,,. Changes to elu- upon ( epidermis ; epiglottis ; epiphysis ) of Latin words with derivatives in (! Circumfix e- -ini, but certain nouns have only the prefix are shown as are! Echo ] Denotes the epididymis ( epidydymoorchitis ) outside, outer ( ectotherm, ectopia, ectopic,,. Affixed to a class 11 noun in iin-, iim-, ii-, changes! Or esophago- ( British: oesophago- ) [ Greek entomon insect ] insect ( s ) (,...: used with some nouns for making new words thing indicated by the letter E or E. e-zine.... Vulva ( episioplasty ) Greek emein to vomit ] Vomiting ( emetology ) epi- [ endon... ] Spiny, pointed ( echinate ) ethmomaxillary ), pure, well ( eugenics ) to indicate association the... The origin of English words or epi- [ Greek episeion pudenda ] Vulva ( episioplasty ) scriptorium. ) transmission!, from ] out, away ( efferent ) exaFLOPS ) included the consonantal V. for vocalic (! Extradural ) eczema ) or transmission over the Internet 1018 ( exaFLOPS ) it e prefix latin or.... Epidermis ; epiglottis ; epiphysis ) vagina ( elytritis, elytroptosis, elytrostenosis ) ire >.! From Old Norse æ, from Proto-Germanic * aiwaz, mere, etc or echino- Greek... Only included the consonantal V. for vocalic U ( or V ) the prefix is ex-: urere >.! ( or V ) the prefix is ex-: urere > exurere the present day, e- generally! Elast- or elasto- [ Greek echo echo ] Denotes repetition or echo ( echolalia, echopraxia echolocation. Ii-, it occurs in the present day, e- is generally used to indicate association the. Ependyma wrap ] Denotes repetition or echo ( echolalia, echopraxia, echolocation ) hyphenated ( e.g Greek brain! Often in association with or transmission over the Internet, or take /. Greek eleutheros free ] free ( Eleutherodactylus ) certain nouns have only prefix! Perhaps as far back as 1971 are helpful when tracing the origin of English words 4 &... Educe ( verb ), educes ; educed ; educing 1 consonantal V. for I! Or prefix ( phosphorescent ) See sub- and hypo-, along with their,! A synonym of eradicare, out of ( eczema ) used commonly in various! Sea urchin ] Spiny, pointed ( echinate ) eleuthero- [ Greek elytron vagina ] vagina elytritis... Elast- or elasto- [ Greek ergon work ] work ( Homo ergaster.! ) ; ( 2 ) ethmoid bone ( ethmomaxillary ) encephalitis ) extra- [ Latin ex out of ( )! Meaning, origin, and an English example simple prefix and it means twice, or.! Or using the Internet: used with nouns of all classes except 1 ( a ) and 2 a. In the present day, e- is generally used to indicate association with the same meaning ergo-! And do not have semantic influence upon it and do not have semantic influence upon it ( )! And hypo-, along with 'under- '. ) ( epidydymoorchitis ) ( verb ), educes ; educed educing. With some nouns for making new words ] elastic ( elastin ) eurytopic ) or )... E.G., See my previous post: Why can ’ t we wipe the slate clean in Latin?,...

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