Attaining the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and economic equity in the region require a focus on rural livelihoods. In summary, smallholder agriculture is presently a key sustainer of the majority of the world’s poorest people, so the dynamics of smallholder agriculture ought to be a central question for research and debates about development. We recognise that supporting rural livelihoods should not only address technical challenges, but be aware of the social context in which livelihood decisions are made and be sensitive … : A Critical Appraisal.”. Services –Agriculture, livelihood and natural systems analysis. The relative importance of agriculture within poor peoples’ livelihoods. Livelihood is the important concern for all living beings and livelihood options are primarily agriculture and allied occupations in the rural area. Agriculture vis-à-vis livelihood scenario: Agriculture, an important base for the rural livelihoods of India, is under serious threats. Farming and related activities make up the basic fabric of rural life, contributing significantly to the overall state of rural regions in terms of employment and business opportunities, infrastructure and quality of the environment. In early 2013, 100 women entrepreneurs and members of Joyful Women’s Organization (JoyWo), a local NGO in Eldoret, Kenya were brought together with UN Women’s support to expand their business and finance skills. Similary, Bryceson (1996) argues that rural non-agricultural employment is of increasing importance in sub-Saharan Africa. Econ. As most poor people live in rural areas of developing countries and are dependent on agriculture for their livelihood, the key to eradicating current suffering must lie in the creation of dynamic rural communities founded upon prosperous livelihood strategies (Dixon et al., 2001). The Institute is currently involved in various projects across the country. gnp_request = {"slug" : "world-neighbors-inc-1", "color-set" : 1 , "campaign" : 59}; ©2017 World Neighbors. agriculture and allied enterprises is important for understanding the livelihood strategies and options for poor people who work in these activities. 3.2 Rural livelihoods diversification. The large number of rural people and their involvement in peasant agriculture and other activities makes the … Given our water scarcity and challenges in delivering water services, in particular to rural areas, it is necessary to consider all options available to ensure all South Africans have access to sufficient water. A livelihood may be defined as the sum of ways in which households obtain the things necessary for life, both in good years and in bad. 1. As consumers become more aware of the impact their decisions make on our environment, they are increasingly making responsible choices. In this case, apiculture and related trades can be sources of valuable strength to countless numbers This approach explicitly link watershed development with rural livelihoods and e+ectively poverty alleviation. Recognizing this, World Neighbors supports communities in carrying out holistic analysis of their forms of production, sources of income and expenses, and how they can mobilize their assets, natural resource base, individual knowledge and organizational capacity to improve their well-being. Copyright [2018] - Institute of Natural Resources, Business planning and development strategies for sustainable agriculture and livelihoods, Applied research in climate- and water-smart agricultural systems, Value addition, market and value chain development. These descriptions may often be true, but a resilient livelihood – one that keeps people out of poverty – is one that has access to range of options. The INR was formally responsible for the coordination of the Prolinnova network in South Africa from 2004 to 2010, but Brigid Letty has continued to play an informal role of coordinator since then. The Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries recognises the value in testing and implementing new and innovative land use systems, one of which is Agroforestry. These labourers do not own land of their own, thus are forced to work in the lands of richer farmers. Agriculture is the cornerstone of human survival. Training on vegetable production and preservation was offered by World Neighbors staff. increasing year by year in the field of agriculture and rural development in developing countries. Over 70 per cent of people in sub-Saharan Africa and 63 per cent in South Asia are engaged in some way in agriculture. Agriculture is an important source of livelihood for the majority of rural people. Prolinnova is an international network that Promotes Local innovation in ecologically-oriented agriculture and natural resources management. The livestock plays an important role in the economy of farmers. The project is called Strengthening Education and Agribusiness interaction for sustained employment and agricultural Development in South Africa (SEAD) and is funded by the Dutch organization Nuffic and this is part of the Orange Knowledge Programme. Inspiring Aspiring Women in Agriculture . A vegetable common interest group was formed to facilitate on-farm marketing of any excess produce. In Japan, efforts to extend livelihood improvement that were in enacted in rural villages following the end of World War II placed primary focus on rural women. Agriculture is the source of livelihood for 44.7% of the country’s total employed labour force. The INR agro-ecology team is implementing this research in the Eastern Cape (Tsolo) and in KwaZulu-Natal (Msinga). 1.2 The importance of rural livelihoods. This is one of ten projects forming a research programme investing in the Resilience of the UK Food System in a Global Context, funded by the Global Food Security Programme . This research project started in 2016 and will be completed in March 2020. Increasingly, rural people do not depend on agriculture alone to survive, but have diversified livelihood strategies. Through sustainable agriculture, World Neighbors helps communities develop forms of food production that are economically viable, ecologically sound, socially just and supportive of rural culture. Food and agriculture, Urban Keywords: Rural development, Livelihoods, Rural-urban linkages, Africa, Migration Rural livelihood transformations and local development in Cameroon, Ghana and Tanzania Griet Steel and Paul van Lindert. Through focused and targeted advocacy, we also tackle the underlying policies and power imbalances that keep people in poverty. Please view list below for more information. THE IMPORTANCE OF APICULTURE FOR RURAL LIVELIHOODS Beekeeping tends to be perceived as ‘a hobby’, or as ‘a sideline activity’. The report first introduces and discusses the concepts of poverty and livelihood; especially the controversy around the former is presented. These techniques increase rice production 30-50%, use less water and emit less methane. They comprise two- fifths of the total rural population in India! Agriculture is important as a source of livelihood, without it, our existence will not have been possible. smallholders are often important producers of the semi-tradable foodstuffs which tend to be consumed by the poor. and yet-to-be-developed technologies could shift rural livelihoods, agriculture and the broader food systems in unexpected ways in the coming decade, both positively and negatively. : A Critical Appraisal.”. Sustainable agriculture therefore requires farms that … Agriculture labourers are those people in rural areas who work as labour in fields and get daily wages. An example of a World Neighbors’ sustainable agriculture program is in Nepal in the Kavre district where World Neighbors has introduced a System of Rice Intensification (SRI) to a small group of farmers. An example of a World Neighbors’ rural livelihood program was established in the Kisumu district of Kenya where vegetable demonstration plots were created in every village to enhance vegetable production. Recognising these interlinked strategies, the agriculture and rural livelihoods theme adopts an holistic view in supporting rural livelihoods, considering the full range of livelihood options that can support people. When considering national employment statistics, it does not seem very significant because national statistics report only primary employment. Strategies include support for savings and credit groups, seed and grain storage banks to buffer against food shortages, processing and marketing of products and income generation through small enterprises. This program not only provides a boost to vegetable consumption, it also offers an extra source of income. AGRICULTURE IN AFRICA 5 The Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) is now in its tenth year. a combination of crop and livestock where the output of one enterprise becomes the input of another enterprise thereby realize the resource efficiency. landscapes not only exhibit healthy ecosystems, but also sustain productive agriculture and communities. The aim of the Agriculture and Rural Livelihoods theme is to support sustainable agricultural development that optimises the use of available resources and contributes to social and economic sustainability. The overall aims of the project are to develop agroforestry systems that make effective use of available water and improve livelihoods. Agriculture sector is potentially the largest employment providing sector in the country. One of these is organically produced food and related products. The choices we make in how we grow food can either contribute to sustainable development or erode our natural and human capital. Rural livelihood system is dependent on input and The INR is currently involved in the implementation of a Water Research Commission (WRC) funded project investigating Micro-catchment (in-field) Rainwater Harvesting and Conservation. Increasingly, rural people do not depend on agriculture alone to survive, but have diversified livelihood strategies. (b) Livelihood diversification in rural Africa Although rural areas of Africa have been typically associ-ated with agriculture, the non-farm sector is an important source of employment and income. In economically sustainable rural communities, agriculture is perceived as a respected profession that provides an adequate living, and farmers are motivated to stay in the rural landscape rather than seeking higher income in the cities. A number of studies have been conducted on behalf of the Water Research Commission (WRC) in KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape and Limpopo that have sought to understand the challenges that smallholder irrigation farmers face, and to identify mechanisms to improve their water use efficiency as well as their participation in value chains. Despite this, unemployment is high among rural youth, who prefer to migrate to urban areas to take up low paying jobs. third economic sector of the country has the important responsibility for improving rural livelihoods by playing major role in improving the agriculture sector as majority of the population depends on it for their livelihood particularly in rural area Abstract: The importance of agriculture to the socio-economic development of the country cannot be overemphasized. Natural capital and household livelihood strategies Land is one among the most fundamental and important means of production. The farmers in India maintain mixed farming system i.e. Farmer experimentation with simple techniques, and farmer-to-farmer sharing of successes, are central to our methodology. The project has combined formal research trials at Empangeni (Owen Sithole College of Agriculture) and Wartburg (Fountainhill Estate) with on-farm trials with smallholders at Zwelisha, Bergville and at Highflats. In many parts of sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia agriculture remains a key component of the livelihood strategies of poor people. Organic farming is commonly recognised as a farming system that excludes the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, and also manages the production system holistically based on sound social and ecological principles. We recognise that supporting rural livelihoods should not only address technical challenges, but be aware of the social context in which livelihood decisions are made and be sensitive to the institutional challenges associated with agriculture and rural livelihood development. We acknowledge that agriculture in rural landscapes is one element of a range of interlinked strategies to sustain rural livelihoods. For decades, food insecurity, poverty and climatic adversity have complimented each other hampering livelihoods of the rural poor, destabilizing sustainable development of this country. Rural livelihoods diversification has generally occurred as a result of an increased importance of off-farm wage labor in household livelihood portfolio or through the development of new forms of on-farm/on-site production of non-conventional marketable commodities. Kitchen gardens were established at individual farms to enable farmers’ access to vegetables for consumption and to save by not having to purchase vegetables. Our constitution and National Water Act recognize that everyone has a right to basic water supply and sanitation. Agric. Between one-quarter and one-fifth of the world's population derive their livelihood from small-scale agriculture. Agriculture was the primary source of the economy prior to the industrial revolution. Through locally-determined agricultural experimentation, small-scale farmers in marginal, ecologically-fragile areas learn low-cost resource conservation techniques to preserve biodiversity, regenerate soil fertility, manage water and increase their production while reducing dependence on externally purchased inputs. In most parts of the world, agriculture is an important source of livelihood. The aim of the Agriculture and Rural Livelihoods theme is to support sustainable agricultural development that optimises the use of available resources and contributes to social and economic sustainability. Before the industrial revolution, agriculture was the primary source of economy. Rural Livelihoods. Recognizing this, World Neighbors supports communities in carrying out holistic analysis of their forms of production, sources of income and expenses, and how they can mobilize their assets, natural resource base, individual knowledge and organizational capacity to … World Neighbors inspires people and strengthens communities to find lasting solutions to hunger, poverty and disease and to promote a healthy environment. Agroforestry is a land use system that includes the use of woody perennials and agricultural crops and / or animals in combination to achieve beneficial ecological and economic interactions for food, fibre and livestock production. Most of these people are members of what we call peasant farm households or are dependent upon the activities of peasant farm households. In Nigeria, the main occupation of many is agriculture; although, the discovery of crude oil has made many to abandon this occupation. It is estimated that 2.5 billion of the developing world’s 3 billion rural inhabitants are in households involved in agriculture, with 1.5 billion of these in smallholder households (World Bank 2007). Types of Rural Livelihoods 1] Agriculture Labourers. 4. It involves tough work, but it contributes to food security and the health of the nation. Income: Livestock is a source of subsidiary income for many families in India especially the resource poor who maintain few heads of animals. Lessons from the Field Moreover, the current economic crisis and its gender impact in rural areas highlight the importance of food security, and the gender asymmetries in rural livelihoods, particularly agriculture. Agriculture Important and its Role in Everyday Life. Despite many commercial options coming up, many rely on agriculture for their income. We are exploring ways of increasing resilience to water-related risks for both UK-grown and imported fruit and vegetables. The livestock serve the farmers in different ways. “Can Farmer Organizations Transform Agricultural Research & Extension? She provides empirical evidence this region is steadily becoming less agrarian (both as a long-term historical process, and as an integral part of rural households’ livelihood strategies). These necessities include food, water, shel-ter, clothing and health care (with education often included too). Our agriculture and food security programs and advocacy promote locally sustainable solutions that meet the needs of small-scale producers, particularly women. Its present share in GDP is 21.8%, and this contributes to over 79% to the foreign exchange earnings of the country by exporting raw material and semi-processed and processed agricultural products. This entails hard work, but it contributes to the nation’s food safety and health. It has brought the importance Agricultural and rural development to reduce poverty and hunger Understanding how agricultural and rural development can create jobs and livelihoods for small farmers and the landless, while producing food and raw materials for the urban economy. Sustainable Agriculture is defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations as: “The management and conservation of the natural resource base, and the orientation of technological change in such a manner as to ensure the attainment of continued satisfaction of human needs for present and future generations. Sustainable agriculture conserves land, water, and plant and animal genetic resources, and is environmentally non-degrading, technically appropriate, economically viable and socially acceptable.”. Finding better ways of growing food is critical for our future on this planet. Cows and buffaloes if in milk will provide regula… All Rights Reserved - Site by, Sustainable Agriculture & Rural Livelihoods, Community Based Natural Resources Management, HIV/AIDS Interventions and Reducing Stigma in East Africa, Reasons for Resiliency: Toward a Sustainable Recovery after Hurricane Mitch, “Can Farmer Organizations Transform Agricultural Research & Extension? It is a crucial productive resource particularly for the rural community that is why the stake- holders in the area put land as one among the main 162 J. Dev. Farmers use skills and knowledge of natural resources to grow food and support their livelihoods. Landscape restoration planning and implementation. 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