This is a virtual site for and about the members of the 5th Armored Division Association. EMAIL: mander8813@aol.com. of the 83rd Inf. 508th CIC Detachment: Lt. A. J. Stanchick Unna finally fell that afternoon after another air strike. CCR and moved up to attack Elsen to help CCB repel a strong German counterattack launched from Sennelager. The successes of the German armored units in Poland and France underscored America's need for an effective armored force. It was deployed to Egypt in June 1942 but never operated as a complete formation and was disbanded in January the following year. For example, by the end of January, 1945, the 47 th Infantry Regiment (which fought in France and Germany) had lost well over 100% of their strength to battle casualties, where men were either killed, wounded, missing, or taken as prisoner of war. Colson. 6th Armored Division Rosters We have currently 4352 records available. 8th Armored Division shoulder sleeve insignia, Leach, Charles R; In Tornado's Wake Argus, 1956, Army Battle Casualties and Nonbattle Deaths, Final Report (Statistics and Accounting Branch, Office of the Adjutant General, 1 June 1953), "Order of Battle of the US Army - WWII - ETO - 8th Armored Division", "MilitaryHistoryOnline.com – US Army in World War II", "275th Armored Field Artillery Battalion Association Home Page", Military History Online – US Army in World War II, Tornado! Heavy fighting, primarily against the 130th Panzer Division, took place in and around Rheinberg resulting in 199 divisional casualties and the loss of 41 tanks while the Germans suffered 350 men killed and 512 taken prisoner. An advance unit of the 80th Tank battalion that had been surrounded in Kirchellen since early that morning was relieved. Many men served in more than one unit. It was relieved by units of the British Army and began its move to the city of Pilsen in western Czechoslovakia. Men in Headquarters and Headquarters Companies may be listed together in HQ company unless rosters are available showing their unit. [4], The general end of hostilities unfortunately did not mean the end of casualties for the 8th Armored. NOTICE: 8th Armored Division Association Annual Reunion. [1], CCR crossed the Rappholtz-Muhlen Canal on 30 March and captured Buer-Hassel. The 8th was composed of 3 tank battalions: Each battalion comprised approximately 80 tanks and was organized as a headquarters unit and 6 companies: The headquarters unit was made up of the battalion command team and their vehicles; 3 M4A3 Sherman tanks (usually not used and held as a reserve) and various peeps (World War II US Armored divisions called the jeep a 'peep') and similar vehicles.[8]. The week's action resulted in the loss of 50% of the personnel the 110th and 111th Panzer-Grenadier Divisions had brought into the Saar-Moselle triangle. They then captured Ost Buederich by the end of the day. New Books on 7AD in the Bulge. The burgomeister of Ost Onnen surrendered the town later that day. CCA had lost 2 tanks, 1 halftrack and 1 jeep during these operations. The division served as the first official military guardian of the gold vault at Fort Knox. Some additional cleanup was required of small pockets of resistance as stragglers were found. The following day CCR moved to secure the road between Werl and Wickede and captured the towns of Parsit, Bremen, Vierhausen, Schluckingen and Wiehagen capturing 238 German soldiers, 1 Tiger tank, and 3 88 mm anti-tank guns. During that 63 days, their casualty figures were as follows: Killed 260 Wounded 1,015 Missing 38 Captured Battle Casualties 1,313 Non-Battle Casualties 1,141 Total Casualties 2,454 Percent of T/O Strength 23.0 Code: Description: Code: Award: BC POW KIA o p x: Battlefield commission Prisoner … I. O. Drewry. The 8th supported the 94th Infantry Division's attack on Nennig, Berg and Sinz, 19–28 January 1945 aimed at reducing the salient between the Saar and Moselle Rivers. 8th Armored Division (Inactive) A 7th Armored anti-tank gun covers a road near Vielsalm, Belgium, 23 December 1944. It was essential that tanks be supported by infantry. Div. as they moved east. The battalion was broken down into 5 batteries and usually organized as: Batteries A, B and C consisted of 6 self-propelled guns and supporting vehicles broken out as follows: Reconnaissance in the armored divisions was performed by the Armored Reconnaissance Battalion in the old style heavy division or by the Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, Mechanized in the light divisions such as the 8th. The 8th crossed the Lippe River, and assembled at Selm. M/Sgt. You can search for a person by filling in the form below. During World War II, in early July 1944, the "Golden Arrow" division landed on Utah Beach in Normandy, just weeks after the Allies invaded France on D-Day (June 6, 1944). The battalion was made of 3 armored infantry companies: A, B and C which in turn were made up of: Early in the war, the anti-tank platoon would have included a 37 mm anti-tank cannon but by the time the 8th entered combat in late 1944 the 37 mm was deemed ineffective against German armor and was discarded from the TO & E.[8], The primary weapon of the armored infantryman was the M1 Garand rifle. Co. C of the 53rd Engineers worked through the night to bridge the Niers River which was holding up the advance on Moers. It was also known as the "Iron Snake" late in the war, after a correspondent for Newsweek likened the 8th to a "great ironclad snake" as it crossed the Rhine River in late March 1945. CCB moved through Sittard, Gangelt, Geilenkirchen, Randerath, and Brachelen to arrive at the Hilfarth Bridge and crossed after CCA. On 1 May the 58th Inf. From 1 June through 19 September, many men were sent home under the point system. On 5 April Col. Vesely assumed command of CCR and continued to attack westward capturing the towns of Horne, Klieve, Schmerlacke and Serlinghausen. His prior assignment was Commanding General, Combat Command B, 7th Armored Division. lost an officer and three more men when a powder plant blew up in Munchshaf. CCB had suffered 198 casualties this period. Do you have any old rosters such as the following you could share with us? During the defense of St. Vith, he commanded an ad hoc CCB task force from a … In April 1945 the 8th began receiving the new M26 Pershing. The 8th Armored Division was recognized as a liberating unit by the US Army's Center of Military History and the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1995. The Division received orders to cease forward movement as it was 'pinched out' by the 35th Inf. Heavy house to house fighting slowed the attack. CCR, in the meantime, outposted all roads northeast of Soest to facilitate an attack on the town by the 94th Inf. [2], On 3 April 8 turned 180 degrees in response to orders into the Ruhr Pocket and CCR attacked west toward Recklinghausen. The next day CCR captured Kolonie Bertlich. An 18th tank was the first across the Rhine in the 9th Army area and assisted in the capture of Spellen, the first town captured east of the Rhine by 9th Army. During this period the 8th supplied trained personnel to the 9th through 14th Armored Divisions. On 23 March all artillery units commenced firing over 130,000 rounds preceding the initial crossing of the Rhine River to be made by the 30th Infantry Division. Devine was personally selected by Gen. Eisenhower to command the 8th Armored. From 1942 to 1944 it functioned as a training command stationed at Camp Polk, Louisiana. 58th Armored Infantry Battalion: Maj. George Artman The tank battles of North Africa and Russia in early 1942 caused the US Army to recognize the need to drastically increase the number of its armored units. [1], There is an official 8th Armored Division memorial at the American Cemetery in the city of Margraten, The Netherlands[4], The nickname of the 8th Armored Division, the "Thundering Herd", was coined before the division went to Europe in late 1944. After training at Tidworth, England, the 8th Armored Division landed in France, 5 January 1945, and assembled in the Bacqueville area of upper Normandy. Casualty figures for the 8th Armored Division, European theater of … At the end of October the 8th received movement orders to Camp Kilmer, New York in preparation for shipment overseas. [1], For the period of 15–18 April CCB cleared the area near the Hartz Mountains of remnants of the 11th Panzer Army while CCA began moving to Seehausen to support the attack on Magdeburg by the XIX Corps. Most errors found can be attributed to either scanning or typing - I do not type nearly as accurately as I once did. 1 - ASTP roster from the University of Detroit, 1943-44 2 - ASTP roster from North Central College, 1943-44 3 - Any other rosters or other items of interest which you might have available. [1], CCA continued cleaning up operations in Unna while CCR captured the towns of Hengsen, Ostendorf, Ottendorf, and Dellwig. [1], Col. Wallace, the commander of CCR, was captured by German forces during the night of 4 April. On 19 February 1945, the Division launched a full-scale attack, storming the heights of Munzigen Ridge, backbone of the Saar-Moselle Triangle, and took all objectives. Div. [1], After leaving the Ruhr Pocket on 13 April the division moved east. Periodically, prisoners throughout the Buchenwald camp system underwent selection. Men whose company and battalion are not known are listed under 'Unit is not known'. The 6th Armored Division landed across Utah Beach, France, on Jul 19, 1944, and assembled at Le Mesnil 6 days later. [1], On 21 April CCR cleared the woods south of Blankenburg and linked up with elements of the 1st Inf. This page is dedicated to honoring the men of the 36th Armored Infantry regiment 3rd Armored division… The great thing about the Roster is that all the names are listed twice: once in an alphabetical listing and again in the soldier?s Battalion and Company. By 7 March a foothold was secured at Grunthal, a road crossing (B 57/B 58) in the vicinity of Alpen. Crew-served weapon crewmen were usually armed with the M1911A1 pistol or the M1 Carbine as a personal weapon. [1], The division moved to Simpelveld, the Netherlands for rest and refitting absorbing approximately 200 replacements. 405th Arm'd Field Artillery Battalion: Lt. Col. William McLynn[4], Service battalions: Grimes left the division on 6 October 1944 just prior to the division's shipment overseas. On 14 April the remaining units of the Division began moving to an assembly area in the vicinity of Braunschweig with CCA going to Wolfenbüttel and CCR going to Denstorf. The 16th Armored Division arrived in France, 11 February 1945, and was attached to the Third Army. The next day CCR captured Hohenheide and Fröndenberg after an air strike drove 4 German tanks out of the town. The 8th Division was activated 1 July 1940. lost two men to snipers who had to be killed since they would not surrender. CCB moved to Westerhausen and CCR moved to Aspenstedt to clear the remaining woods around Blankenburg. CCR captured Zweckel in the afternoon and launched an attack on Kirchellen which was secured by nightfall. CCR moved from Denstorf to Braunschweig and continued screening the rear areas. [1], From 8 May through 30 May the division remained on occupation duty and continued to clean up stragglers and small pockets of resistance. Other weakened prisoners were killed by phenol injections administered by the camp doctor. Division Artillery: Col. W. H. Holt The following day CCB continued the attack on Unna and captured Lernen. of the First Army. The 8th Armored Division included the: Each battalion comprised 18 self-propelled cannon and supporting vehicles. [1], On 27 February, 8th Armored crossed the Roer River via the Hilfarth Bridge which had been captured by the 35th Infantry Division. [1], From Berg, the 8th continued their advance through Sinz and more heavy fighting. The last Roster was published in 2003 and given to Members of the 12th Armored Division Association. The division was the first armored division to cross the Rhine in the 9th Army area, crossing at bridge sites 'G' and 'H'. Div. The light format armored division was made up of three combat commands referred to as Combat Command A (CCA), Combat Command B (CCB) and a smaller unit called Combat Command Reserve (CCR). Holocaust Museum honoring those who liberated the death camps. The division served as th… CCB moved on Unna capturing Holtun and Hemmerude. The 130th Panzer Division was pulled out of the Wesel area and moved south to counterattack. He had been in combat continuously from D-Day plus 2 (8 June 1944) when he landed at Normandy as artillery commander of the 90th Infantry Division. A 21st century medium for a 21st century America. [1], The division was assigned to cleanup operations in the rear areas of the Rhineland which had been bypassed during the movement to the Rhine River. This surrender was the end of organized resistance from the 116th Panzer Division. By 22 April the last organized resistance ended with the capture of Gen. Heinz Kokott, commanding officer of the 26th Volks Grenadier Div and brother-in-law of Gestapo chief Heinrich Himmler. It was given a security and training mission at Nurnberg, Germany, beginning 28 April. On 26 October the division traveled 180 miles (290 km) from Camp Oklahoma City to Camp Phillip Morris at Le Havre, France and the Division was officially dismounted. The next day the 58th Inf. On 30 May the division was assigned to Third Army. Division Chronicle. Donald P. Boyer was the S-3 (Operations) Officer of 38th Armored Infantry Battalion. [1], On 19 September the division began the 600-mile (970 km) trip to Camp Oklahoma City near Rheims, France for deployment home. [1], From the period of April through October 1944, the division conducted post-maneuver training, losing a number of trained personnel to other units and absorbing and training their replacements. [3], Buchenwald administered at least 87 subcamps located across Germany, from Düsseldorf in the Rhineland to the border with the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia in the east. [9] The M4A3E8 76 or 'Easy Eight' version of the Sherman was also used by the 8th as it became available. Heading east, it passed through Westerholt and Langenbochum, engaging the German defenses in Recklinghausen only 2,500 yards (2,300 m) away. The Germans moved reinforcements, including Hitler Youth into Unna from the Muelhausen garrison. [1], The 8th received orders on 27 March to secure the road running from Hamm to Soest. When not needed as direct observers, they were employed in their secondary roles as fighting tanks. (attached by companies to Combat Commands) Those remaining were sent to various I & E (Information and Education) training schools. German losses in action against 8th Armored units were 5 Panzer IV tanks, 72 prisoners and many dead and wounded. If you have information to share, send a copy - no originals please - to Scott Thorpe, Webmaster, to help us update our records. History. 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